POTTING MIX Soil-based. Apply a balanced fertilizer in early autumn if your spring is short and the days heat up fast; or, apply fertilizer after bulbs flower in late winter if your spring is long and temperate. When do crocus bloom? Color: Lilac-blue petals with white base and yellow throat. After a few weeks the leaves will have yellowed. Take care not to cut the cooling time short or the flowers may emerge stunted and deformed. HEIGHT To 4in/10cm. This squirrel-resistant species is commonly called snow crocus because it’s often one of the first crocuses to bloom. Corm clusters should be replanted at least 6 inches apart, a little farther than single corms. Crocus tommasinianus ‘Pictus’Commonly called snow crocus or early crocus, Color: Purple-tipped violet petals, white center and yellow stamens. Crocuses can be dug up shortly after flowering and divided into smaller clusters to be replanted elsewhere or shared with friends. Hyacinth Flowers. Read more on forcing indoor bulbs. Can I grow crocus in a container? Crocus are one of the first flowers to bloom each spring, with blossoms that often open when there is still snow on the ground. PLANTING CROCUS. Daffodils Recommended weeks of chilling: 14-20. Use a garden fork to gently lift the bulbs out of the ground and then put them in your compost pile. * Required FieldsWe will never sell or distribute your email to any other parties or organizations. Color: Purple petals with pale white throat. Fishtail Palm Plant(Caryota Mitis) Care – How to Take Care & Grow Fishtail Palm Plant, Lavender Plant (Lavandula) Care – How to Take Care & Grow Lavender Plant, Stonecrop, Sedum (Hylotelephium)Plant Care – How to Take Care & Grow Stonecrop, How To Propagate Succulents Cuttings – Best Way to Root Succulents, String Of Hearts Plant (Ceropegia woodii) Care – How to Take Care & Grow String Of Hearts Plant. If seed pods are allowed to remain, they will draw off the food needed to nourish your bulbs for next years growth. Genus Crocus are dwarf, deciduous perennials growing from a corm, with linear leaves usually with a silvery central stripe, and goblet-shaped, sometimes fragrant flowers in autumn or early spring Details C. sativus is an autumn-flowering corm. Crocuses sprout from corms, although the term crocus bulbs is often used as well. Generally speaking, this will be September to October in northern zones, and October to November in southern zones. Crocus plants aren’t particularly susceptible to any insect or disease problems. Don't water in summer or when plants are dormant or they may rot. Crocus corms can be planted just about anywhere as long as they get full to partial sun and well-drained soil. Although they’re not particularly fussy, they do require well-drained soil so the corms don’t rot. The crocus will emerge and bloom while the grass is still dormant. Take care not to overwater crocus or their corms will rot. Gritty to sandy soils or rock gardens work well. These small-but-mighty plants with their colorful blooms and sweet fragrance lure hungry bees out of their hives. Add a layer of mulch over winter in the coldest zones and remove it in early spring. The first year after planting, your Saffron Crocus won't produce its best bloom. ... tulips, hyacinth, crocus … Squirrels and other rodents will dig up the bulbs and eat them, and deer will graze on the early foliage. Crocuses are small individually, so grow them in groups or drifts for a spectacular early spring display. But not all bulbs behave this way. Discover unique garden products curated by the Garden Design editors, plus items you can use to solve problems in your garden right now, and best sellers from around the web. Colchicum is grown for their hardiness and simple care needs, in fact, they barely need any care at all. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. No, bulbs may be forced one time, but not in future years. A bulb garden of cold-hardy spring bulbs like tulips, daffodils, crocus, hyacinth and others can be planted in pots to bloom indoors in late winter. Fortunately, we don't have to wait till spring to enjoy these glorious flowers. REPOTTING Plant several corms together in early fall; set them just below the surface of the potting mixture Corms must be ‘wintered’ for about 10 weeks and brought into a warm room only when the flower buds are visible. Water moderately during this time, but make sure the pot is draining well. You really cannot go wrong with a companion for your flowering crocus bulbs. Plants just won’t grow well if your soil is to compact. Any flowers remaining on the plant should be cut off at the base of the stem when Crocuses can be forced to bloom indoors over winter. ClSSUS ANTARCTICA Vitadacae KANGAROO VINE Indoor Plant Details, 7 Great Ways to Indoor Plant Decoration – Style Guide 2021. The plants grow 4-6-inches tall and have lilac-purple flowers that open a few weeks after C. speciosus.Each flower produces three reddish-orange stigmas which are harvested and dried to create saffron. Can I force my bulbs to bloom every year? There are 2 types of spring-flowering crocuses: Species varieties, (snow crocus or wild crocus), that are smaller and the first to bloom; and the more common Dutch crocus (hybrids of Crocus vernus) that have larger flowers and bloom a little later than the species varieties. This perennial flower will grow back year after year and is a bulb flower, meaning the plant will sprout from a bulb as opposed to seed. Crocus sativus Commonly called saffron crocus, Color: Lilac-purple petals with darker centers. Required fields are marked *. Paperwhites: Blooms appear 3-5 weeks after planting. It is better to mass crocuses of one variety in a shallow bowl rather than to mix them, because they tend to bloom at different times. This blue and white crocus is an early bloomer and perfect for forcing indoors. Don’t plant in dense shade, such as on the north side of structures. Chill at 38 to 45°F in a dark location for 8 to 10 weeks. Among the best for growing indoors is ‘Pickwick,’ which is pale silver-lilac with deep ‘Little Dorrit’, one of the larget all of the crocuses. KEEPING PLANTS After flowering, either let the corms dry out in the pot and keep them until the next fall or out in the garden. Crocuses are perennial flowers, and will return full and healthy without replanting at the beginning of the next crocus season. * Required | We will never sell or distribute your email to any other parties or organizations. Colchicum flowers come in a few different color varieties, with shades of purple, pink, and white. Compact Soil. Tulips (Tulipa) The following varieties are recommended for forcing. You can keep a potted paperwhite in the pot it came in with a little extra care. Over-Fertilization. HEIGHT To 4in/10cm. This large-flowered variety spreads and naturalizes easily and is a great companion for early-blooming daffodils. 3-8; they will typically not grow in hotter climates. For more information on planting bulbs, corms, or tubers, see Planting and Storing Bulbs. Plant the bulbs outdoors in spring when the soil is warmer and workable. On this page: The Basics | Planting | Crocus Care | Pictures | Design Tips | Forcing Indoors. ... After blooming, most people discard potted bulbs. From tools to furniture, these garden products are sure to delight. Flowers should be removed when petals begin to fade, so they will not go to seed. Photo by: Photowind / Shutterstock. Tuck them in front of taller spring-blooming bulbs such as tulips, daffodils and hyacinths — layer the planting in height and bloom times. The leaves perform an essential function: they use the sun’s energy to transform basic elements such … You can plant them in the lawn, but for proper crocus care, don’t cut the grass until their leaves turn yellow and disappear. Get your spring-blooming crocuses in the ground after the weather... CROCUS CARE. Spring-Flowering Crocus Companion Plants. Most bloom late winter to early spring, depending on the variety; however, there are types that bloom in the fall. Photo by: Panther Media GmbH / Alamy Stock Photo. Pair with later-blooming Dutch crocuses for weeks of blooms. Crocuses fade quickly once the weather gets hot. var theDate=new Date() They will not bloom next year but they should still grow and bloom the following year. More about the newsletter. Bring them to their desired location at room temperature and they’ll bloom in about 4 weeks. Perfect for perennial gardens, mixed borders, and rock gardens. Bulbs can be forced into bloom through cold treatment and then placing them in a cool, sunny window in your house. Unless rainfall is adequate, water in the amount of ½ to 1 inch of rain per week. They lure hungry bees out of their hives in February or March. Cover with soil level to the surface so water won’t puddle. Color: Bi-colored orange with black striations on outer petals. Crocuses will naturalize in an area and multiply. PROPAGATION Remove small corms that may form around the parent bulb or sow seed. If this is a problem, you can try protecting them with a scent deterrent, screening over the area, or by placing crushed seashells or eggshells into the planting holes. To extend the bloom time, mix different species of crocuses in your garden. Early bloomer with 6-petaled, cup-shaped flowers, perfect to brighten rock gardens and early spring lawns. Plants that are forced, cannot be regrown or transplanted outside. Bulbs should be firm and free of mildew and mold. Exposure: Full sun to partial afternoon shade, Color: Pale blue outer petals, pearlescent inside with yellow throat. Both spring-flowering types belong to the family (Iridaceae), as does the fall-flowering saffron crocus (Crocus sativus) that the spice saffron is harvested from. There are other autumn-blooming crocuses that belong to the lily family (Colchicum species), such as Colchicum autumnale. Crocuses don’t require any pruning, simply let the foliage die back after blooming and then remove it. PROPAGATION Remove small corms that may form around the parent bulb or sow seed. Remember too, that weed killers will harm them, especially if you apply them while the crocus plant leaves are still green and actively growing. They’re good to go under deciduous trees, where they’ll get enough sunlight before most trees have fully leafed out. GROWING COLORFUL CROCUS FLOWERS CROCUS BASICS. document.write(theDate.getFullYear()) Lawn crocuses tend to self-seed liberally, resulting in a spectacular carpet of vivid color after a few years. Keep the soil evenly moist after flowering until the ground freezes and again in spring until they go dormant in summer. Forced bulbs, depending on their variety and your climate, are used as annuals and … Each flower produces 3 red stigmas which are the source of the spice saffron. If you are treating your spring bulbs as annuals, you should dig them up after they finish blooming. Did you fertilize your corms when you planted them, only to find that they’re not … Crocus flowers bloom in a variety of bright colors including purple, lavender, blue, orange, yellow, cream and white. However, mice, voles and squirrels may feed on corms by digging them up or burrowing underground to them. Dry corns are offered for sale in late summer, and ready-planted pots are available from late fall onward. Pot them in mid-October in a shallow pan or pot, only about an inch deep and water well. Tulips, for example, always look their best the first year after planting. Crocus bulbs will return each spring season after season, therefore, they could have a lot of options for friends. Even where bulbs have been naturalized in a lawn, leaves should not be cut until they turn yellow and whither naturally. By then, the plant is more established, and the flowering will likely be optimal. If you plan to harvest the stigmas, it's best to wait until the second or third year. A fragrant purple crocus, perfect for forcing indoors where its small stature can be appreciated. How to Care for Crocuses. It takes 70,000 flowers to produce 1 pound of saffron; this would mean planting a football field full of saffron crocus. Photo by: Garden World Images, Ltd / Alamy Stock Photo. Crocus bulbs grow best in dry soil, so don't water plants after they bloom. The crocuses most commonly seen in the home are Dutch hybrids which have larger and more striking flowers than the species. Removing the bulbs as well as the foliage will help minimize problems with fusarium, a common fungal disease that can affect flower bulbs. Get your spring-blooming crocuses in the ground after the weather cools down in the fall, but before the ground freezes. Find a Garden Center that carries Proven Winners plants & products. RELATED: Your email address will not be published. Bulb care after blooming is finished. Keep the pot in the sun until the foliage dies and add a few teaspoons of bulb fertilizer to the pot. If you find you need to deter pests like mice or voles from eating your newly planted corms, crushed seashells, oyster shells or eggshells can be added to the planting holes. Yes. This allows the foliage to produce nutrients that sustain the bulb for the next growing season. Saffron crocus (Crocus sativus), while not the most widely grown fall-blooming crocus, is probably the most known.This is the plant that the spice saffron comes from. Take care not to mow until the plant’s leaves yellow and wither. Very early spring: Early spring bulbs like Snowdrops: Snowdrops, or Galanthus, are often the first … . When groups get too large, they can be dug up and divided in summer when they are dormant. It's best to avoid watering while they're flowering. After bloom is over, keep the foliage growing and when it dies back you can store the bulbs to plant in the garden. If your garden is heavy clay soil … Crocus Plant FACT FILE. Crocus flowers lead the way for other spring bloomers to follow. Tulips This may mean not mowing the lawn for a few weeks if you have planted crocuses in turf. Plant these in late summer and they will bloom with flowers in fall and send up secondary foliage in spring. The following bulbs are the easiest to force into bloom because they don't require a chilling period: Amaryllis: Blooms appear 6-8 weeks after planting. After crocus blooms, allow the foliage to remain in the garden or lawn until it turns completely yellow. Discover the right plants for your garden. Several blossoms will be produced by each corm. All petals should be removed from the blooming area after they have fallen. In addition, planting them where other plants will fill in and hide their foliage will help to prolong blooming and give the crocuses a chance to store energy for the next season. You can cover the spring bulb bed with wire mesh to prevent squirrel damage, and there are deer repellents you can try … CARING FOR CROCUS AFTER THEY BLOOM Once crocus bulbs have finished flowering, there’s no need to remove the spent blossoms as they will quickly melt away. Crocus plants will multiply and come back year after year, bringing more blooms with them each time. DURING & AFTER BLOOM When picking blooms, cut stems (or twist a daffodil stem to pluck it) above the plant's leaves. Photo by: Garden World Images, Ltd. / Alamy Stock Photo. Let the foliage continue growing. Plant en masse in lawns, but be careful because they will multiply and you’ll need to wait to mow until the foliage dies back — usually about 5 to 7 weeks after blooming. Watering: Water fall flowering crocus in late summer after planting, only if the soil is dry. Once the bulbs begin to sprout, move the pot to a brighter location and provide warmer indoor temperatures, like that of at least 50 or 60 F. (10-16 C.). Copyright However, the foliage continues to grow a bit. One of the first to emerge in spring, this tiny beauty gets its name from the orange and black coloration reminiscent of Monarch butterflies. Chilling Required. Many spring-blooming bulbs, including crocuses, daffodils, chionodoxa and scilla, return to bloom year after year. Our Website is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon. This pale yellow crocus is an early-spring bloomer and has grass-like foliage with silvery stripes. 7 ORIGIN Hybrids. Growing the bulbs indoors allows the plants to produce and store energy in the bulb for the next blooming season. Daffodils with scilla. It simply boils down to your individual preference, color choice, and sunlight needs. POTTING MIX Soil-based. Remove the leaves as they yellow and dry. After they bloom, crocus flowers flop over and disintegrate in the next rain. Overcrowding may occur after a few years and can cause decreased flowering. Growing and care tips for this early blooming spring flower, Sign up for weekly gardening inspiration and design tips. The crocuses will have a chance to use the extra nutrients to produce bigger carbohydrate stores. If the soil and climate conditions are ideal, they may re-bloom for several years. The seedlings will take 3-4 years to bloom. The crocus will produce leaves next … Photo by: Chris Burrows /Alamy Stock Photo. All Rights Reserved. The seedlings will take 3-4 years to bloom. They will not bloom again indoors. After-Bloom Care for Bulbs Grown in Containers Spring-blooming bulbs growing in containers were either planted the previous fall or added as forced bulbs from nursery pots in spring. Animals can be a big problem with Crocus bulbs. Trim your crocus plants for optimal health year after year. Cut off dried foliage and flowers once they start to wither each year. ‘Snowstorm,’ with pure white globular flowers, is free-flowering and long-lasting. Maintain watering, but let the surface become dry to the touch before watering. Get planting advice, garden design tips and trends, monthly checklists for your area, product specials and more in our weekly newsletter. Resist the temptation to cut back the foliage while it is still green. It’s important to let it die back naturally, as it is storing food and energy for next season. The leaves are striped green and white, and the cup-shaped flowers, which appear in winter and early spring, flowers can be white, yellow, bronze, purple, or multicolored. Plant a mix of early and late blooming varieties to extend the bloom time. They have narrow, grass-like foliage. Harvesting just after the flowers have opened on a dry morning is important. Reproduction in whole or in part without permission is prohibited. Water the area well after planting. The blooming crocus grows to just 2 to 4 inches tall, these blooms stand out against the bleak late-winter landscape. This video shows you what you will need to do once your hyacinth has finished flowering. ORIGIN Hybrids. Growing Crocus indoors is easy to do by forcing them to bloom for the holidays or at any time during the winter. Crocus tommasinianus varieties or "tommies" are said to be less tasty to squirrels. Your email address will not be published. Established corms need ample moisture in fall when roots are growing and in spring when blooming. They bloom bright and early, bringing much needed color after a long winter. Place corms 3 to 4 inches deep, about 3 inches apart and with their pointy ends up. You may want to avoid planting them in areas where they will receive water year-round unless you plan on digging them up and storing them. Arrange them in small groups of 9 to 10 per square foot, or in large drifts.
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